López Rubio, José

López Rubio, José
b. 1903, Motril; d. 1996, Madrid
   Writer and filmmaker
   Playwright, film director, and television writer, whose active career spanned more than five decades, López Rubio grew up in Granada, where he attended performances of touring companies with his parents, who were devotees of the theatre. His first important literary achievement was a collection of short stories, Cuentos inverosímiles (Improbable Tales), in 1924; his only novel, Roque Six, was published in 1928. After initial successes in 1929 and 1930 with two plays written with Eduardo Ugarte, he worked in Hollywood for five years, first as adapter of several early talking pictures for Spanish versions at MGM and then as a leading screen-writer for Fox's Spanish division. López Rubio became a close associate of Charles Chaplin and attended the gatherings of celebrities at Chaplin's home. He returned to Spain after the Civil War and directed six fulllength films, including an adaptation of Benavente's tragedy La malquerida (The Passion Flower) (1940). Resuming playwriting in 1949, he became a master of serio-comic theatre with Celos del aire (In August We Play the Pyrenees) (1950), La venda en los ojos (The Blindfold) (1954), and La otra orilla (The Other Shore) (1954); he also translated more than twenty foreign plays and musicals for the Spanish stage; his last play, La puerta del ángel (The Way of the Angel), was performed in 1985. Many of his nineteen plays are highly selfreflective in the manner of Evreinov and Pirandello and reflect the humoristic techniques of the so-called "Other Generation of 1927", a group of young playwrights who shared common interests and Madrid's literary gatherings in the 1920s, especially those of the brilliant but eccentric Ramon Gómez de la Serna. Several of his comedies were written as vehicles for the prominent stage and film comedienne Conchita Montes. Although some critics have dismissed his comedies as escapist entertainment, revivals of his plays in the post-Franco period have been met with critical respect, and the rebellion of his female protagonists against social norms reveals far more social commentary than was originally attributed to these subtle and sophisticated plays. A notable atypical drama is Las manos son inocentes (Our Hands are Innocent) (1958), a stark study of moral decay and guilt resulting from economic deprivation. López Rubio's first series of television plays, Al filo de to imposible (At the Edge of the Impossible) (1968–9), received the National Prize for Television in 1971. These short scripts offered the familiar serious comedy of his works for the stage as well as a darker humour and irony. A second series, Mujeres insólitas (Exceptional Women) (1976), utilizes an innovative distancing technique to question the legends surrounding some thirteen famous women from Cleopatra to Lola Montes. A stage manager called Pepe appears in each episode and assumes various roles as the protagonist steps in and out of the action to comment on the interpretations others have made of her life. In 1986 the veteran writer was elected a member of the Royal Academy.
   See also: film and cinema; television
   Further reading
   - Holt, M.P. (1980) José López Rubio, Boston, MA: Twayne (a concise study of the writer's life and career, with analyses and plot descriptions of his plays).
   MARION PETER HOLT

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

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  • López Rubio — López Rubio, José …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • López Rubio, José — ► (1903 96) Comediógrafo español. Ha cultivado un tipo de comedia civilizada e irónica. Autor de Celos del aire (1950) y Las manos inocentes (1950). En 1982 fue elegido académico de la Lengua y en 1995 obtuvo la Medalla de Oro de Bellas Artes …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • José López Rubio — en 1930 José López Rubio (Motril, Granada, 13 de diciembre de 1903 Madrid, 2 de marzo de 1996), fue un guionista, dramaturgo, director de cine, historiador del teatro, académico y humorista …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jose Lopez Rubio — José López Rubio Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rubio. José López Rubio, né le 13 décembre 1903 à Motril (province de Grenade), mort le 2 mars 1996 à Madrid, est un réalisateur de cinéma espagnol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José López Rubio — y Herreros (December 13, 1903 ndash; March 2, 1996) was a Spanish playwright, screenwriter, film director, theatre historian and humorist, a member of the Generation of 27.He was the last standing member of the Generation of 27. He worked in… …   Wikipedia

  • José López Rubio — Pour les articles homonymes, voir José López et Rubio. José López Rubio, né le 13 décembre 1903 à Motril (province de Grenade), mort le 2 mars 1996 à Madrid, est un réalisateur de cinéma espagnol …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • José Luis López — ● José Luis López Aranguren fue un filósofo español. ● José Luis López Palacios (José Luis) es un historietista cubano. ● José Luis López Rubio o José López Rubio (Motril, Granada, España, 13 de diciembre 1903 Madrid 2 de marzo 1996) fue un… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • José López — José Lopez is the name of: TOCright*José López Portillo y Rojas (1850 1923), Mexican writer and politician *José López Rega (1916 1989), Argentine politician *José Luis López Rubio (1903 1996), Spanish writer director *José López Portillo y… …   Wikipedia

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